Emigrated to USA; first worked in a factory, punching holes in leather belts
Began studio career as a busboy at Paramount's Astoria studio in Queens, NY; worked his way up to waiter, actor and fourth assistant director
Became a second assistant director at Paramount
Joined Universal in Hollywood; wrote and directed first two-reel comedy with El Brendel, "Help Yourself" which helped him advance to asssistant director
Appointed manager of Universal's operations in Berlin and as an associate producer (under European production supervisor Paul Kohner) earned $1,500 per week
First film, "Das Schweigen im Walde" (made in Germany)
Fled Germany (later family members died in concentration camps)
Made films in Vienna and Budapest
Called back to the USA in the mid-1930s when Universal faced bankruptcy
Helped save the studio with his first US production, the Deana Durbin hit musical, "Three Smart Girls"
Moved to MGM where he stayed for the remainer of his career
Produced three Oscar telecasts
Produced last film, "The Sweet Ride"
Career ended by Parkinson's disease in the late 1960s