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Also Known As: Christopher Julius Rock Iii Died:
Born: February 7, 1965 Cause of Death:
Birth Place: Andrews, South Carolina, USA Profession: comedian, actor, TV host, producer, screenwriter, director, Red Lobster employee, magazine editor


Chris Rock first gained attention as a cast member during the early 1990s resurgence of "Saturday Night Live" (NBC, 1975- ), though he found more lasting success as a stand-up comic, ranking No. 5 on Comedy Central's list of the "100 Greatest Stand-ups of All Time." Rock's edgy, brilliant material often dared to take on the African-American establishment, but his critiques of broader American culture and politics proved to have universal appeal. Rock teamed with HBO to produce a number of Emmy Award-nominated stand-up specials, including "Bring the Pain" (1996), and went on to host the similarly Emmy recognized late night talk offering "The Chris Rock Show" (HBO, 1997-2000). Rock brought his acclaimed stage style to hosting duties for the Academy Awards and the Video Music Awards, and added to his reputation as a strong writer by co-creating and producing the Golden Globe-nominated sitcom, "Everybody Hates Chris" (2005-09). Rock also helmed feature films including the White House comedy "Head of State" (2003), the documentary "Good Hair" (2009) and the semi-autobiographical romantic comedy "Top 5" (2014). In addition, film roles ranging from "Nurse Betty" (2000) to family entertainment blockbusters...

Chris Rock first gained attention as a cast member during the early 1990s resurgence of "Saturday Night Live" (NBC, 1975- ), though he found more lasting success as a stand-up comic, ranking No. 5 on Comedy Central's list of the "100 Greatest Stand-ups of All Time." Rock's edgy, brilliant material often dared to take on the African-American establishment, but his critiques of broader American culture and politics proved to have universal appeal. Rock teamed with HBO to produce a number of Emmy Award-nominated stand-up specials, including "Bring the Pain" (1996), and went on to host the similarly Emmy recognized late night talk offering "The Chris Rock Show" (HBO, 1997-2000). Rock brought his acclaimed stage style to hosting duties for the Academy Awards and the Video Music Awards, and added to his reputation as a strong writer by co-creating and producing the Golden Globe-nominated sitcom, "Everybody Hates Chris" (2005-09). Rock also helmed feature films including the White House comedy "Head of State" (2003), the documentary "Good Hair" (2009) and the semi-autobiographical romantic comedy "Top 5" (2014). In addition, film roles ranging from "Nurse Betty" (2000) to family entertainment blockbusters like "Dr. Dolittle" (1998), "Madagascar" (2005) and "Grown Ups" (2010), Grammy-winning comedy albums and a best-selling memoir provided further evidence that Rock was one of the strongest voices in comedy, combining substance and style in ways that appealed to both adults and children alike.

Born Christopher Julius Rock on Feb. 7, 1965, Rock was raised in the Crown Heights and Bedford-Stuyvesant neighborhoods of Brooklyn, NY. His large family included not only seven siblings but a number of foster children, as Rock's mother, Rose, a special needs teacher and social worker, was a champion of helping disadvantaged children, despite the financial hardship it posed. But she and Rock's father, Julius, stressed hard work and encouraged their children to succeed, sending Chris to the prestigious Stuyvesant High School where, despite his talent for writing, he had a hard time fitting in socially and eventually dropped out to pursue comedy. Rock began performing in Manhattan comedy clubs as a teenager, where he was taken under the wings of older comics Sam Kinison and Eddie Murphy; the latter of whom helped him land an appearance on the HBO special, "Uptown Comedy Express" (1987). That same year, Rock made his feature film debut as a parking valet in "Beverly Hills Cop II." He continued to build his stand-up act and to make minor big screen appearances, including that of a rib joint customer in Keenen Ivory Wayans' satire, "I'm Gonna Git You Sucka" (1988).

The aspiring comic landed his big break in 1990 when he attended a casting call for "Saturday Night Live" and was selected to join a stellar cast that marked the series resurgence after a dismal period. Alongside Adam Sandler, David Spade, and his good friend Chris Farley, Rock lampooned black leaders, impersonated figures like Arsenio Hall, and created comic characters like militant talk show host Nat X and rapper I'm Chillin'. Rock released his first comedy album, Born Suspect, and further raised his profile by playing a con artist street dealer in the drama, "New Jack City" (1991), and a supporting role in the Eddie Murphy comedy, "Boomerang" (1992). By 1993, however, as his "SNL" co-stars began to emerge as major comedy stars, Rock had yet to experience a real break-out character, and was getting frustrated at what he felt were limited opportunities to play only token "black" roles on the show. He left the series for Fox's primarily black sketch comedy series, "In Living Color" (Fox, 1990-94), but that former hit show was in its waning days and was cancelled after Rock had contributed to only nine episodes.

Deciding that he would have to create his own opportunities to showcase his potential, Rock co-wrote, produced and starred in the rap spoof "CB4" (1993), in which he starred as a middle class guy who reinvents himself as a gangsta rapper. The film opened at No. 1 at the box office and received generally positive reviews, reinforcing that Rock was indeed a sizeable talent with an audience to match. His career really began to take hold when he transferred his stand-up act to the screen, first in the 1994 HBO special, "HBO Comedy Half-Hour: Chris Rock - Big Ass Jokes." Following small supporting roles in films "Panther" (1995) and "Sgt. Bilko" (1996), Rock co-executive produced, wrote and starred in his second HBO special, "Chris Rock: Bring the Pain" (1996), which reinvigorated his career and earned two Emmy Awards - one for writing and one for Outstanding Variety, Music or Comedy Special. Rock was in competition with himself in the writing category, as he had also been nominated for his work as a correspondent during the 1996 political conventions for "Politically Incorrect with Bill Maher" (Comedy Central, 1993-97; ABC, 1997-2002).

Rock joined "SNL" alumni Chris Farley in the late comic's final film, the martial arts comedy "Beverly Hills Ninja" (1997). When he died of a drug overdose in December of that year, Rock was devastated. In the first of many awards show gigs to come, he hosted the 1997 MTV Video Awards, as well as sealed his mutually beneficial relationship with HBO by launching "The Chris Rock Show," a late night talk show combining sketch comedy, stand-up, and celebrity guests, which earned instant acclaim for its excellent writing. Rock's career reached new heights that same year upon the release of his stand-up album, Roll with the New, which won a Grammy Award for Best Spoken Comedy Album, while his memoir, Rock This, climbed The New York Times and Wall Street Journal bestseller lists. The following year, Rock made a pair of big screen appearances, providing comic relief to the actioner, "Lethal Weapon 4" (1998) and voicing the animated Rodney the Guinea Pig in the family blockbuster, "Dr. Dolittle" (1998) starring Eddie Murphy. Teaming with fellow comic D.L. Hughley, Rock planted another stake in the TV world as co-creator and co-producer of the well-received family sitcom, "The Hughleys" (ABC, 1998-2000; UPN, 2000-02).

In front of the camera, Rock turned in a hilarious performance as Rufus, the hitherto unknown 13th apostle, in Kevin Smith's controversial Catholic satire "Dogma" (1999), while "The Chris Rock Show" earned an Emmy for Best Writing and his stand-up album, Bigger and Blacker won a Grammy for Best Spoken Comedy Album. Rock hit the road to tour in support of the album, and was well-warmed up when he returned to the podium to reprise his hosting duties at the 1999 VMA's. By the year 2000, Rock had become one of America's favorite comedians - bridging the sometimes comic divide between black and white audiences. With a broad appeal to fans of both slapstick and social satire, film offers came at Rock fast and furious, notably in the romantic comedy "Down to Earth" (2001), where Rock essayed a struggling comedian who dies and is returned to Earth in the body of a rich, white man whose wife and lover are trying to kill him. The film, which Rock also executive produced, elevated him to leading man status and proved he was capable of carrying a movie; not just stealing scenes and cracking jokes as he did in the dark comedy "Nurse Betty" (2000), in which he was teamed with Morgan Freeman as a pair of hit men.

Rock next lent his voice to the title character of the inventive animated feature film, "Osmosis Jones" (2001), as a renegade white-blood cell cop who is paired with a stuffy cold tablet (David Hyde Pierce) to combat a cold that has taken over Bill Murray's body. The busiest film year of Rock's career also included a scene-stealing cameo in "Jay & Silent Bob Strike Back" (2001) and the unfortunate blaxploitation satire, "Pootie Tang" (2001), which he also produced. In an unlikely pairing with Anthony Hopkins, Rock appeared as a man recruited for his resemblance to his dead spy twin brother in the middling CIA action comedy, "Bad Company" (2002), then directed and co-wrote the uneven comedy "Head of State" (2003), in which he starred as an alderman plucked from obscurity to run for President of the United States. Rock hit the road for another national tour and filmed the stand-up special "Never Scared" (HBO, 2004), which was nominated for two Emmy Awards for Best Writing and for Best Variety, Music, or Comedy Show. The accompanying album went on to take home a Grammy Award for Best Comedy Album.

His respect in the industry and his reputation for fiery, high-energy, live performances landed him one of Hollywood's most coveted - and risky - gigs. In 2005, Rock was tapped to host the 77th Annual Academy Awards. He made headlines even before the show aired, making snide comments about the show's stodgy irrelevance, but on the big night in question, he impressed viewers with his unabashed, razor-sharp jibes and the refreshingly brisk pace with which he kept the often glacial show moving. Meanwhile, Rock's own feature film career continued its momentum with a voice-over as Marty the Zebra in Disney's animated hit film "Madagascar" (2005), about four escaped zoo animals who find themselves struggling to survive in the wilds of Africa. He also appeared in the shameless remake, "The Longest Yard" (2005), starring old "SNL" buddy Adam Sandler in the role once occupied by a defiant, but charming Burt Reynolds.

Having conquered the worlds of stand-up and feature film comedies, Rock finally had a solid television success with "Everybody Hates Chris" (UPN, 2005-2009), a semi-autobiographical sitcom he created, wrote, executive produced and narrated. The sitcom loosely chronicled his experiences as a 13-year-old growing up in Bed-Stuy, and attending a mostly white school. The show was also Rock's effort to produce a different kind of black sitcom family; one where the father is hard-working and reliable, the kids respect their parents, and they all form an overall happy, if financially struggling, unit. Rock's achievement in bringing something new to the stale, syrupy family sitcom genre resulted in the highest UPN ratings in that network's history and one of the most critically lauded debut series. Rock's sharp take on coming-of-age issues, family life, marriage, and race relations all added up to a universally appealing show that earned an NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Comedy Series in 2006 and was nominated for a Golden Globe Award for Best Series the same year.

Rock returned to the writer-director's chair in 2007 with "I Think I Love My Wife" (2007), a sharp-tongued comedy starring the actor as a bored suburban businessman contemplating infidelity when an old flame (Kerry Washington) reenters his life. Critics had little positive to say about the film or Rock's first semi-serious role, but enough audiences showed up to make the venture a financial, if not an artistic, success. Off-screen, the film's release coincided with ironic accusations that Rock - married since 1996 to non-profit founder Malaak Compton-Rock - had fathered a child with a heretofore unknown woman during an illicit affair. DNA tests proved that to not be the case, though the gossip machine did spin the event into untrue reports that Rock and his wife were separating. (Rock filed for divorce from Compton in December 2014.) The family man returned to his relatively normal, scandal-free life to lend his voice to Jerry Seinfeld's over-hyped animated film, "Bee Movie" (2007), and reprised his role in "Madagascar: Escape 2 Africa" (2008).

For his next venture, Rock traveled to Johannesburg, South Africa; London, England; and Harlem's Apollo Theater to film the stand-up special "Kill the Messenger" (2008) - another ratings winner - and after arriving back home, toured the nation's beauty shops for his documentary "Good Hair" (2009), which examined the role of hair in African-American culture, and the myriad ways both men and women manage unmanageable frocks - from continual straightening to expensive weaves and wigs. Rock produced and starred in the remake of the 2007 British comedy "Death at a Funeral" (2010), about a series of misunderstandings and mishaps that befall one family when the patriarch dies. Although not a blockbuster, the movie did well at the box office, and received some good reviews. Rock's next project reunited him with his "SNL" cohorts Adam Sandler, David Spade and Rob Schneider for the warmly nostalgic, crowd-pleasing comedy "Grown Ups" (2010).

In 2012, Rock switched it up to play the straight man as the calm, collected husband of Julie Delpy's eccentric Frenchwoman in the charming indie film "2 Days in New York," with critics taking notice of his uncharacteristic restraint. The year also found Rock in new-parent mode for the ensemble comedy "What to Expect When You're Expecting" and returning to the "Madagascar" fold for the lauded and surprisingly inspired "Madagascar 3: Europe's Most Wanted." After staying in character as Marty the Zebra for the love-themed short "Madly Madagascar" (2013), Rock reunited with Sandler and company for "Grown Ups 2," another easy-going hit. His next project, "Top Five" (2014), was a romantic comedy satirizing the world of reality television that he wrote and produced as well as starring in. In 2016, Rock hosted the 88th Academy Awards in the face of protests, including calls for him to step down because for the second year in a row, no African-American actors had been nominated in the acting categories.


Filmographyclose complete filmography


  Top Five (2014)

CAST: (feature film)

 Witches, The (2020)
 Week Of, The (2018)
 Nobody's Fool (2018)
 Top Five (2014)
 Venus & Serena (2013)
 Grown Ups 2 (2013)

Milestones close milestones

Again hosted the "MTV Music Video Awards" (broadcast from the Metropolitan Opera House)
Began doing memorable TV commercials for 1-800-CALL-ATT
Executive produced the sitcom "The Hughleys" (ABC, 1998-2000; UPN, 2000)
Played supporting role in the Eddie Murphy vehicle "Boomerang"
Teamed with Anthony Hopkins in the action comedy "Bad Company"
Made first appearance on NBC's "The Tonight Show"
Lent his voice to the title character in the animated feature "Osmosis Jones"
Once again lent his voice to Marty the Zebra in "Madagascar: Escape 2 Africa"
Voiced the guinea pig in the remake of "Dr. Dolittle"; second collaboration with Eddie Murphy
Had featured role in "Lethal Weapon 4"
Headlined second solo HBO comedy special "Chris Rock: Bigger & Blacker"
Co-starred with Adam Sandler and Burt Reynolds in "The Longest Yard" remake
Co-starred with Morgan Freeman and Renee Zellweger in Neil LaBute's "Nurse Betty"
Co-wrote, produced and starred in the feature comedy "CB4"
Directed and starred in a remake of a 1970s French film "I Think I Love My Wife"
First leading role in a feature, "Down to Earth"; also contributed to screenplay
Hosted the "MTV Music Video Awards"
Hosted the 77th Academy Awards (ABC) at the Kodak Theater (aired in February)
Premiered his fifth HBO special "Kill the Messenger"; earned an Emmy nomination for Outstanding Writing For A Variety, Music Or Comedy Special
Starred in and produced the black comedy "Death at a Funeral," a remake of the 2007 British film of the same name
Starred in ensemble comedy "Grown Ups," with Kevin James and former "SNL" cast members Adam Sandler, David Spade, and Rob Schneider
Voiced Marty the Zebra in the animated comedy "Madagascar"
Joined the ensemble cast of romantic comedy "What to Expect When You're Expecting"
Reprised voice role of Marty the Zebra in "Madagascar 3: Europe's Most Wanted"
Reunited with Sandler, Spade and the crew for "Grown Ups 2"
Was featured in Adam Sandler's "Sandy Wexler"
Had early TV exposure on HBO special "Uptown Comedy Express"
Delivered key co-starring role as a crack addict in "New Jack City"
Helped students at Howard University start a black humor magazine <i>The Illtop Journal</i>; also edited the first few issues
Joined the cast of the Fox variety series "In Living Color"; appeared on nine episodes
Provided political convention coverage for "Politically Incorrect with Bill Maher" (Comedy Central); earned Emmy nomination for writing
Made feature directorial debut with "Head of State"; also starred and co-wrote
Headlined the HBO Comedy Half-Hour Special "Chris Rock: Big Ass Jokes"
Spent two seasons (1990-92) as a featured player on "Saturday Night Live" (NBC); became a regular cast member for the 1992-93 season
Executive produced and starred in the HBO talk show "The Chris Rock Show"; also wrote; won third Emmy Award for writing show
Played Rufus, the hitherto unknown 13th apostle, in Kevin Smith's "Dogma"
Produced the comedy series "Everybody Hates Chris" (UPN, 2005-06; CW, 2006-present); inspired by his own teenage experiences growing up in 1980s Brooklyn; show earned a Golden Globe nomination for Best Comedy Series in 2006
Wrote, co-executive produced, and starred in the Emmy-winning "Chris Rock: Bring the Pain" (HBO); also earned Emmy Award for writing
Co-wrote, produced, and co-starred in "Pootie Tang," based on a character created in one of his HBO specials
Made film debut as a parking valet in "Beverly Hills Cop II"; first collaboration with Eddie Murphy
Received a Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame
Made his Broadway debut in Stephen Adly Guirgis' controversial play "The Motherf*cker With the Hat"
Was featured in the indie comedy "2 Days in New York"
Had a guest role on "Empire"
Appeared in bizarre Netflix holiday special "A Very Murray Christmas"


"Comedy's not dying. It's just that the funniest people in the world don't do stand-up anymore. Eddie's not getting onstage. Whoopi's not getting onstage. Robin's not getting onstage . . . Billy Crystal, Michael Keaton, Jim Carrey. These are the funniest guys in the world." --Chris Rock in Time Out New York, April 10, 1997.

"Hey, the stuff I do--even black people vs. niggas--that's not just a black thing. Every ethnic group has that breakdown within it. I'm black. But I've got Italian friends who will say 'guinea' in a minute." --Rock in Time Out New York, April 10, 1997.

"I am so much more like Kinison than anyone else. Sam was the baddest man on the planet for a minute. I miss Sam more than anyone right now in my life. I mean, I miss my dad, but boy, I wish I could see Sam right now." --Rock to Time Out New York, April 10, 1997.

"I'm not a superstar. Jim Carrey makes twenty million a movie. I make a weird face when they tell me I have to pay $8.50 to see one." --Chris Rock in Esquire, March 1997.

"Nothing makes me laugh more than a good Woody Allen movie. I got no problem with him not having black people in his movies. If you got one black guy in your movie and he's a crackhead, then I got a problem! That was my argument with 'Saturday Night Live'. It's okay for me to play the slave in a skit, if there's three other things I do before that." --Chris Rock in Details, March 1997.

"Look, there's no time to be tired. Work needs to be done because you never know when you're played out. So I might as well use this opportunity that I have right now, because I don't know how many shots I'm going to get." --Rock in Daily News, February 9, 1997.

"I don't write jokes first. I write down topics. I think of what I want to talk about, and then I write the jokes--they don't write me . . . And even if you don't think it's funny, you won't think it's boring. You might disagree, but you'll listen. And maybe even laugh as you disagree." --Chris Rock to Los Angeles Times, June 5, 1996.

Asked who his heroes are, Rock told Premiere (October, 1998): "My granddad, Allen Rock. He was a preacher, womanizer, the life of the party. Once killed a man. I'm probably the most like him. Prince definitely influenced me. And Woody Allen. Big Woody man. Woodaholic. I'd love to work with the Woodmeister."

"Chris has a certain amount of humility--or paranoia. He doesn't take it for granted that he's going to slaughter an audience." --"Down to Earth" director Paul Weitz to the Daily News, April 30, 2000.

"I was raised to expect myself to be competent . . . People say life is short. But not if you make the wrong choices. It's really long for the guy who gets sentenced to 50 years in jail. Besides, I always felt responsible to do good work. There's a mechanism that goes off in my head: If a black guy messes up, he hurts it for the next black guy." --Rock to Parade, August 29, 1999.

"It would've been easy for me to become one of those 'trenchcoat kids' or one of those guys screaming how bad white people are. But I had a few white friends as a kid. Sometimes we got beat up together at school. All it takes is a few good people to keep you sane. Besides, it's hard to be successful and angry." --Rock to Parade, August 29, 1999.

"...I made friendships that will last for the rest of my life. Most people had to share -they had a partner in their office. I had a four-person office; me, Sandler, Farley and Spade, we shared an office. And those are my boys for life. For life. I love those guys."--Rock talking about his life on SNL Vanity Fair September 2002

"Right now, my job is that I'm like an ambulance chaser. I've got to look for movies with white guys falling out of them."-Rock quoted in 2001 Premiere October 2, 2002

"As a comic, within two jokes I can say, I'm better than that guy. When you see Rock, after two jokes you say, I gotta go write some more." ---David Spade Entertainment Weekly March 19, 2004

Companions close complete companion listing

Malaak Compton. Publicist. Married on November 23, 1996; reportedly separated in late 1998; reconciled.

Family close complete family listing

Allen Rock. Preacher.
Julius Rock. Truck driver. Died at age 55 in 1989 after ulcer surgery.
Rose Rock. Teacher.
Andre Rock.
Tony Rock. Standup comic.
Lola Simone Rock. Born June 28, 2002; mother is Malaak Compton.
Zahra Savannah Rock. Born May 22, 2004; mother is Malaak Compton.

Bibliography close complete biography

"Rock This!" Hyperion

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