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William Gillette was famous for playing Sherlock Holmes on the stage. The film marked Gillette's screen debut. Gillette's stage director, William Postance, assisted director Arthur Berthelet in the filming. Players in Gillette's company who acted in this film include Mario Majeroni, Marjorie Kay and Edward Fielding. Gillette's play, which was based on the short stories of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, was filmed again in 1922 by Goldwyn Productions, with John Barrymore in the title role and Albert Parker directing (see AFI Catalog of Feature Films, 1921-30; F2.4987). Fox based a 1932 film on Gillette's play, with Clive Brook starring and William K. Howard directing. Another Fox film, The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, made in 1939 by Albert Werken, was also based on the play, and was the second in the long running Sherlock Holmes series which starred Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce (see AFI Catalog of Feature Films, 1931-40). Many other films and television programs have been based on the stories and characters created by Doyle, but not specifically based on Gilette's play.