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The film ends with the following written statement: "Appreciation is acknowledged to the Kaiser Steel Corporation of Fontana, California and its employees for their splendid cooperation in the filming of this production." Most of the film was shot inside the Kaiser plant, and an October 1951 New York Times article reported that twenty-four of the workers were hired as extras, four of whom had speaking roles. The article also noted that director of photography Charles P. Boyle had shot the highly regarded 1938 industrial film Men of Steel on steel production for the U.S. Steel Company. Several reviewers noted the extreme documentary detail in Steel Town's scenes describing the workings of the plant.
Although a July 1951 item in Hedda Hopper's syndicated gossip column stated that Ann Sheridan would be teamed with her ex-boyfriend, Jeff Chandler, for Steel Town, an August 1951 Los Angeles Examiner news item asserted that Chandler was never considered for a part in the film. In March 1952, Los Angeles Times reported that Universal-International took members of the press on a tour of the Fontana Kaiser steel mill before previewing the film for them.